Problem Butlera z perspektywy racjonalnego sprawcy

  • Adam Wierzbicki Instytut Filozofii, Uniwersytet Warszawski
Słowa kluczowe: Butler's problem, rational agent, intentional action, motivation, moral judgment


Butler’s problem poses a challenge to philosophical theories of intentional action because it suggests that intentionality attribution is dependent on moral judgement. Experimental results reached so far seem to confirm this thesis. However, the agent described in Butler scenarios seems to lack fundamental rationality, which may distort intuitions about the intentionality of his/her actions. An experimental study described in this work aims to overcome this problem by providing explicit reasons for action. Strength of motivation is also compared with moral judgement as a factor in intentionality attribution. The results of the study suggest that neither explicitly described reasons nor strength of motivation have a significant influence on intentionality attribution in Butler scenarios.

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Wierzbicki, A. (2018). Problem Butlera z perspektywy racjonalnego sprawcy. Filozofia Nauki, 26(2), 41-54.