Contemporary Metaphysics – A Picture of the Landscape



Słowa kluczowe:

meta-metaphysical realism, four-category ontology, categorial fundamentality, non-Cartesian substance dualism, atomism


E. J. Lowe and Ontology, edited by Mirosław Szatkowski, is the outcome of the international conference Jonathan Lowe and Ontology, which took place in Warsaw on 21–23 May 2019. The book consists of fifteen essays by philosophers of international renown; it concerns, among others, meta-ontology, theory of categories, persistence in time, agency, and mental causation. In addition to summarizing the book’s contribution to contemporary formal ontology, this review includes a critical discussion of selected chapters on meta-metaphysics, as well as general and special metaphysics.


Aristotle (2003), Metaphysics: Book Z and H, transl. by D. Bostock, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Carruth A., Gibb S., Heil J. (eds.) (2018), Ontology, Modality, and Mind: Themes from the Metaphysics of E. J. Lowe, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fine K. (2020), Comments on Penelope Mackie’s “Can Metaphysical Modality Be Based on Essence?” [in:] Metaphysics, Meaning, and Modality: Themes from the Work of Kit Fine, M. Dimitru (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 461–465.

Kant I. (1998), Critique of Pure Reason, transl. and ed. by P. Guyer, A. W. Wood, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kant I. (2004), Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics That Will Be Able to Come Forward as Science, transl. and ed. by G. Hatfield, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kuźniar A. (2016), „W cieniu fatalizmu: problem wolności i odpowiedzialności w ramach system metafizycznego G. W. Leibniza,” Przegląd Filozoficzny – Nowa Seria 25(4) [100], 355–370.

Lowe E. J. (1998), The Possibility of Metaphysics, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lowe E. J. (2006), The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lowe E. J. (2008), “Essentialism, Metaphysical Realism, and the Errors of Conceptualism,” Philosophia Scientiæ 12(1), 9–33.

Mackie P. (2020), Can Metaphysical Modality Be Based on Essence? [in:] Metaphysics, Meaning, and Modality: Themes from the Work of Kit Fine, M. Dimitru (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 247–264.

Noonan H. (2022), “From Essence to Metaphysical Modality?,” Axiomathes 32, 345–354.

Poręba M. (2017), Pojęcie przestrzeni [in:] Wolność i metafizyka: Eseje z filozofii pierwszej, Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers, 312–341.

Romero C. (2019), “Modality is Not Explainable by Essence,” The Philosophical Quarterly 274(69), 121–141.

Simons P. (2007), The Thread of Persistence [in:] Persistence, C. Kanzian (ed.), Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag, 165–183.

Simons P. (2012), Four Categories – and More [in:] Contemporary Aristotelian Metaphysics, T. E. Tahko (ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 126–139.

Strawson P. F. (2003), Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics, London–New York: Routledge.

Strawson P. F. (2006), The Bounds of Sense: An Essay on Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, New York: Routledge.

Szatkowski M. (ed.) (2019), Quo Vadis Metaphysics: Essays in Honour of Peter van Inwagen, Berlin–Boston: De Gruyter.

Szatkowski M. (ed.) (2022), E. J. Lowe and Ontology, New York–London: Routledge.

Takho T. (2020), Ontological Dependence [in:] The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2020 Edition), E. N. Zalta (ed.),

Wittgenstein L. (1986), Philosophical Investigations, transl. E. Anscombe, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Wolniewicz B. (1998), Ludwik Fleck i filozofia polska [in:] Filozofia i wartości II, Warsaw: The University of Warsaw Press, 120–126.



Jak cytować

Jędrczak, S. (2022). Contemporary Metaphysics – A Picture of the Landscape. Filozofia Nauki, 30(4), 129–145.